Research Reports - Participation in communication activities following traumatic brain injury

Brain Inj. 2016 Mar 30:1-8. [Epub ahead of print]

Finch E(1,)(2,)(3), French A(1), Ou RJ(1), Fleming J(1,)(3,)(4).

BACKGROUND: Communication impairments following traumatic brain injury (TBI) can
represent a significant barrier to successful community reintegration. Previous
research has typically focused on linguistic competence to identify communication
difficulties experienced by people with TBI living in the community, rather than
participation in everyday communication activities.
OBJECTIVE: To describe communication activities and communication partners of
people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) over a 24-hour period compared to
matched controls.
RESEARCH DESIGN: A cross-sectional study using a customized, mixed-methods survey
with time-use data collected from people with TBI and a demographically matched
control group.
METHODS: Twenty people with TBI living within the community and 20 matched
non-injured controls were interviewed about their involvement in communication
activities over the previous 24 hours using a time-use diary.Activities were
compared between the groups using Mann-Whitney U-tests and Chi-squared tests.
RESULTS: The TBI group spent significantly less time engaged in communication
activities and less time engaged in conversation and reported significantly fewer
numbers of communication partners compared to the control group.
CONCLUSION: The results highlight discrepancies in participation in communication
activities between people with TBI and people without TBI, suggesting the need
for intervention studies to enhance communication participation in daily life
following TBI. 

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