Research Reports - Social anxiety following traumatic brain injury: an exploration of associated factors
Neuropsychol Rehabil. 2016 May 17:1-21. [Epub ahead of print]
Curvis W(1), Simpson J(1), Hampson N(2).
Social anxiety (SA) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) has the potential to
affect an individual's general psychological well-being and social functioning,
however little research has explored factors associated with its development. The
present study used hierarchical multiple regression to investigate the
demographic, clinical and psychological factors associated with SA following TBI.
A sample of 85 people who experienced TBI were recruited through social media
websites and brain injury services across the North-West of England. The overall
combined biopsychosocial model was significant, explaining 52-54.3% of the
variance in SA (across five imputations of missing data). The addition of
psychological variables (self-esteem, locus of control, self-efficacy) made a
significant contribution to the overall model, accounting for an additional
12.2-13% of variance in SA above that explained by demographic and clinical
variables. Perceived stigma was the only significant independent predictor of SA
(B = .274, p = .005). The findings suggest that psychological variables are
important in the development of SA following TBI and must be considered alongside
clinical factors. Furthermore, the significant role of stigma highlights the need
for intervention at both an individualised and societal level.