Research Reports - Concussion history in adolescent athletes with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

J Neurotrauma. 2016 Dec 1;33(23):2077-2080. Epub 2016 Jun 23.

Iverson GL(1,)(2,)(3,)(4), Atkins JE(5), Zafonte R(1,)(2,)(3,)(4), Berkner PD(6).

Little is known about the rate of concussions in adolescents with
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We hypothesized that high school
athletes with ADHD would report a greater history of concussion than students
without ADHD. A total of 6529 adolescent and young adult student athletes,
between the ages of 13 and 19 years (mean, 15.9; standard deviation, 1.3),
completed a preseason health survey in 2010. Of those with ADHD, 26.1% reported a
history of one or more concussions, compared to 17.1% of those without ADHD
(p<0.00001; odds ratio [OR], 1.71). Stratified by gender, 27.0% of boys with ADHD
reported a history of one or more concussions, compared to 20.0% of boys without
ADHD (p<0.004; OR, 1.48), and 23.6% of girls with ADHD reported a history of one
or more concussions, compared to 13.6% of girls without ADHD (p<0.003; OR, 1.97).
Of those with ADHD, 9.8% reported a history of two or more concussions, compared
to 5.5% of those without ADHD (p<0.0003; OR, 1.87). Stratified by gender, 10.0%
of boys with ADHD reported a history of two or more concussions, compared to 6.7%
of boys without ADHD (p<0.033; OR, 1.54), and 9.1% of girls with ADHD reported a
history of two or more concussions, compared to 3.8% of girls without ADHD
(p<0.006; OR, 2.51). In this large-scale, retrospective survey study, boys and
girls with ADHD were significantly more likely to report a history of concussion.
Additional research is needed to determine whether students with ADHD are more
susceptible to injury (i.e., have a lower threshold) or have different recovery
trajectories. 

« Back to Special Reports

Contact Us

We will gladly answer all or your questions about rehabilitation at Centre for Neuro Skills.

email cns@neuroskills.com

phone 1.800.922.4994
or Request a Callback


brain injury store


free brain injury newsletter


why choose cns for brain injury rehabilitation


brain injury newsletter


brain injury store