Research Reports - Association between cognitive impairments and anxiety disorders following traumatic brain injury

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2013 Dec 4

Gould KR, Ponsford JL, Spitz G

This study examined the association between cognitive impairment and anxiety
disorders following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Sixty-six participants
recruited from a rehabilitation hospital completed the Structured Clinical
Interview for the DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
Disorders-Fourth Edition) and cognitive tests at one year post injury. Prevalence
of anxiety disorder was 27.3%. Logistic regression analyses revealed that the
attention/working memory, information processing, and executive functions models
were significantly associated with anxiety disorder. The memory model was not
significant. Processing speed emerged as the strongest model associated with
anxiety disorder. The role of cognitive impairment in the etiology of anxiety
disorders after TBI is discussed, and treatment implications are explored.

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