Research Reports - Music therapy for coma patients: preliminary results

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2015 Apr;19(7):1209-18

Sun J(1), Chen W

OBJECTIVE: The application of quantitative EEG (δ+θ/α+β value) and GCS value to
evaluate the role of music therapy for traumatic brain injury coma patients.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty patients of traumatic brain injury coma were selected
to meet the inclusion criteria. Twenty cases were selected for the
rehabilitation, neurology and neurosurgery ward, whose families could actively
cooperate with, and the patients could receive a long-term fixed nursing staff
with formal music therapy (music group). Twenty cases were in the intensive care
unit of the rehabilitation, neurology and neurosurgery ward. Their families
members cooperated poorly, had often changing nursing staff, and without a formal
music therapy (control group). After a one monthe follow up, the GCS value and
quantitative EEG (δ+θ/α+β value) were compared between the two groups. Between
the two groups, except for the presence or absence of formal music therapy, the
rest of treatment had no significant difference and was matched by age, gender,
and injury types.
RESULTS: In 40 cases of traumatic brain injury patients, the GCS value increased
in the music group after treatment when compared to the control group. The
difference between the two groups was significant (p < 0.05). The quantitative
EEG value (δ+θ/α+β value) of music group values were decreased after treatment,
and the difference was significant compared with the control group (p < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Through the quantitative EEG (δ+θ/α+β value) and the GCS observation
score, music therapy in patients with craniocerebral trauma coma has obviously an
effect on promoting to regain consciousness. The quantitative EEG (δ+θ/α+β value)
can be used as an objective index to evaluate the state of brain function.

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