Research Reports - Characteristics associated with satisfaction with life 1 year post traumatic brain injury in a population of Hispanic individuals

Jessica M. Ketchum, Mimi Almaz Getachew, Denise Krch, Stephanie A. Kolakowsky-Hayner, James H. Baños, Anthony Lequerica, Jerry Wright, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla

NeuroRehabilitation, Volume 30, Number 1 / 2012, 23-33

Objective: To determine which demographic, injury, rehabilitation, and follow-up characteristics are associated with satisfaction with life in a population of Hispanic individuals 1 year post-traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Design: Retrospective study.

Setting: Longitudinal dataset of the TBI Model Systems National Database.

Participants: 291 Hispanic adults with TBIs occurring between 1999 and 2008 having year 1 follow-up data.

Main outcome measure: Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) measured 1 year post-TBI.

Results: The relationships between SWLS 1 year post-injury and a variety of demographic, injury, rehabilitation, and follow-up characteristics were modeled using generalized linear models. The final multivariable model explained 25.2% of variability in SWLS (F (7, 261)=12.6, p < 0.001) and included quadratic effects for both age at injury and FIM cognitive scores 1 year post-injury, as well as effects for associated SCI and employment status 1 year post-injury (all p-values ⩽ 0.036). In general, higher age, no associated SCI, not being unemployed at 1 year post-injury, and very high or very low FIM cognitive scores were associated with greater SWLS scores 1 year post-injury.

Conclusions: These results suggest a variety of demographic, injury, and follow-up characteristics are related with SWLS 1 year post-TBI in Hispanic individuals. Focusing rehabilitation efforts on improving cognition and vocational skills may improve SWLS in Hispanics 1 year post-TBI.

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